Hwang Jin-Yi (1506-1560)

Hwang Jin-Yi, a sixteenth-century female escort and entertainer, made a name for herself writing elevated verse about beauty and love. She largely wrote in sijo ( ), a classic form of Korean poetry. Sijo, an uncommon art, involves three short, lyrical lines per poem in which a situation is introduced, develops, and concludes, often with a surprising twist in the final line.

 

Hwang Jin-Yi’s poems are hard to find in English. However, they still portray extreme love, pain, or awe even after translation. Here is one such sijo poem:

 

Mountains are the same as in the old times, but streams are never the same;

They keep flowing day and night, so they can not be the same.

The men of fame are like the streams; once gone, they never return.

 

And another:

 

I will break the back of this long, midwinter night,

Folding it double, cold beneath my spring quilt,

That I may draw out the night, should my love return.

 

The same poem can also be translated as follows:

 

Oh that I might capture the essence of this deep midwinter night

and fold it softly into the waft of a spring-moon quilt;

then uncoil it in the night my beloved returns.

 

This is the poem in its original Korean:

 

동지달 기나긴 밤을 한 허리를 버혀 내여

춘풍 이불 아래 서리서리 넣었다가

어론 님 오신 날 밤이여든 굽이굽이 펴리라

 

I decided to try my hand at writing some sijo. Here’s my first attempt:

 

Forceful flailing in the seething water, he cuts through a

brisk, raging river like a sword through unguarded flesh.

Pushing forward, fighting on, but one can only swim so long.

 

 

I’d like to continue practicing this form of poetry. Normally I don’t restrict my writing to such a short stanza, so sijo presents a new challenge for concision while still being longer than, say, a haiku. I hope you enjoyed learning about Hwang Jin-Yi and sijo poetry!

 

🙂 JM

 

*Note: The featured image for today’s post is from a 2006 Korean drama called Hwang Jini/Hwang Jin-Yi.*

 

Sources:

https://www.thoughtco.com/who-were-koreas-gisaeng-195000

http://blog.writinginflow.com/2013/09/slut-of-month-hwang-jini-korean-poet.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hwang_Jini

https://maggiemcneill.wordpress.com/2013/11/14/hwang-jini/

Image from https://www.pinterest.com/moxiebeauty/geisha/

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